Software development

The Five Stages of Team Development Principles of Management

To maintain group harmony, team members keep things simple and avoid controversy and conflict. Team members are unfamiliar with the groups tasks and so they rely heavily on the group leader for guidance and direction. Ensure all tasks and responsibilities are fully completed and there are no lingering issues to be resolved. Continue to encourage collaboration and teamwork by reinforcing the norms that have been established to this point. Continue creating opportunities for collaboration and teamwork to maximize the creativity and camaraderie present at this stage.

In terms of the dating metaphor, this stage is akin to a couple’s first fight, a disagreement over something silly like a comment over a movie or a mess in the sink. Though a team leader’s first instinct may be to play peacekeeper and sidestep an argument, navigating conflict resolution is an essential step in a team’s growth. Learning how to handle dissonance early strengthens a team and readies teammates to overcome more complex challenges with grace.

The Five Stages Of Team Development: How To Get Your Team From Point A To Point B

Bruce Tuckman was a pioneer in group dynamics and developed the theory of team group development. A team sponsor is a person who provides the team with the goal and the resources needed to accomplish that goal. Yes no wheel February 19, 2023 I found this blog post very helpful. I have been working with teams for a while now and I find this model to be very helpful. I have found that it is a good way to track the progress of a team.

stages of team building

Delegate tasks appropriately, and according to the skills, experience, and interests of individual team members. Instead, they adopt an open exchange of ideas and opinions and learn about what it’s really like to work together. This can lead to conflict, disputes, and competition, depending on how their expectations, workflows, ideas, and opinions differ. Now, these 5 stages are vital to help you anticipate your team effectiveness, i.e. your ability to be efficient and productive with your work, both as individuals and as a group.

Conflict Resolution

The initial feelings of excitement and the need to be polite have likely worn off. But, because this stage focuses more on the people than on the work, your team probably won’t be very productive yet. (Although, it does make the stages easier to remember.) Each is aptly named and plays a vital part in building a high-functioning team. In order to handle the many changes facing the workforce, leaders must strive to be as adaptable as possible. Managers must strive to become adaptive leaders—leaders who prize creativity, collaboration, integrity, and innovation. In this case, the adjourning stage can be used to reflect on how well the team has done and what skills the team members will take with them on their future endeavours.

These five stages advance as a team works together, but especially when a team brings awareness to their dynamic. Any insights should be shared in a public forum so everyone in the company can learn. If group members are able to evolve to stage four, their capacity, range, and depth of personal relations four stages of team development expand to true interdependence. In this stage, people can work independently, in subgroups, or as a total unit with equal competencies. The major drawback of the norming stage is that members may begin to fear the inevitable future breakup of the team; they may resist change of any sort.


The Creating stages of Drexler A and Sibbet E correspond to Forming, Storming and Norming stages of Tuckman B Model and Sustaining stage corresponds to Performing and Adjourning stages. The proper transition through creating stages is important and has strong implications for team performance. The teams do not necessarily pass through the above mentioned stages and stay in the stage reached but keep moving back and forth.

stages of team building

This is done by providing a framework for how each member can contribute and interact with one another in a team management application, as well as how tasks should be completed. As the team progresses through each stage, it becomes more comfortable with its processes and roles, resulting in increased collaboration and productivity. Norms result from the interaction of team members during the development process. Initially, during the forming and storming stages, norms focus on expectations for attendance and commitment. Later, during the norming and performing stages, norms focus on relationships and levels of performance. Performance norms are very important because they define the level of work effort and standards that determine the success of the team.

Navigate the stages of team development

Some leaders are afraid of this stage since tensions may get high during this phase of forming a team. They should be prepared for there to be some tension amongst team members but it is still worth it. Given HR’s involvement, the team leader can delegate some of the conflict resolution, staff concerns and, in extreme cases, disciplinary actions to the experienced HR staff. This step helps to truly strengthen a team, as they all can provide input on the team as a whole and on how they can work more effectively. This can also help to address issues people are having and make sure they are solved so everyone on the team feels heard, safe and content. The addition of the fifth stage, adjourning, encourages teams to reflect on their past projects together, discuss their strengths and weaknesses and make plans for improvement in the future.

When your team has grown through the stages of team development they establish a state of “flow”. This means they understand how to work together in a cohesive way that helps them reach their goals. A team leader facilitates introductions, highlights each individual’s qualifications, background, and skills , roles are assigned, and responsibilities delegated. As a team leader, it is your job to make sure everyone is seen and heard.

Team Development Never Stops

Best applied for teams that are very skilled, motivated and working effectively. Clockify is a time tracker and timesheet app that lets you track work hours across projects. Marija Kojic is a productivity writer who’s always researching about various productivity techniques and time management tips in order to find the best ones to write about. She can often be found testing and writing about apps meant to enhance the workflow of freelancers, remote workers, and regular employees. Appeared in G2 Crowd Learning Hub, The Good Men Project, and Pick the Brain, among other places. Arrange at least 1 team-building activity, to help people grow closer as a team.

  • To advance from this stage to the next stage, each member must relinquish the comfort zone of non-threatening topics and risk the possibility of conflict.
  • They can begin working toward fixing any current issues or decide if they are ready to move on to the next stage of development .
  • Boost motivation by helping your employees understand why their work matters.
  • Group members designate roles and delegate responsibilities with help from team leaders.
  • As team members begin collaborating, conflicts may arise, whether that’s from clashing personalities or opinions on how a project should progress.
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