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Characteristics of an isoquant Homework Help Assignment Help Isoquants

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characteristics of isoquant

Thus, an isoquant, in general, should slope downward from left to right. Table-8.1, in this regard, presents an isoquant schedule which shows different possible combinations of labour and capital to product 50 kilo­grams of tea. For example, in the graph of an isoquant where capital (represented with K on its Y-axis and labor on its X-axis, the slope of the isoquant, or the MRTS at any one point, is calculated as dL/dK. This allows firms to determine the most efficient factors of production. This indicates that factors of production may be substituted with one another. The increase in one factor, however, must still be used in conjunction with the decrease of another input factor.

Isoquant is also called as equal product curve or production indifference curve or constant product curve. Isoquant indicates various combinations of two factors of production which give the same level of output per unit of time. The significance of factors of productive resources is that, any two factors are substitutable e.g. labour is substitutable for capital and vice versa. This indicates that one factor can be used a little more and other factor a little less, without changing the level of output. The higher the isoquant, the higher will be the employment of either labor or capital or both factors, and thus farther the isoquant from the origin, the more is output.

Isocost curve is a producer’s budget line while isoquant is his indifference curve. The chapter examines the theory of production or how firms organize production i.e. characteristics of isoquant how it combines resources or inputs to produce final commodities. Production theory is extended to deal with two variable inputs by the introduction of isoquants.

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From the theory of production where only one or two inputs are variable, we proceed to examine cases in which all inputs are variable. A change in total outlay will cause a parallel shift in the iso-cost line, as there will be no change in its slope, factor prices being constant. If the total outlay increases, the iso-cost line will shift upward, away from the point of origin, and if the total outlay decreases, the line will shift downward or towards the origin. Input-output isoquants are L-shaped curve [Figure-8.6 ] and also known as Leontief isoquants. They assume a perfect complementary nature between factors implying zero substitutability.

There is only one combination of L and K available for production. List and explain the properties of indifference curves. Thus, we conclude that B and C combinations yield the same output. Combination C lies on the higher isoquant as compared to combination B.

An iso-cost line is the locus of all the combinations of two factors that a producer can procure from the market at the given factor prices from a given amount of outlay. It means that at the point of intersection the factor combination, OK + OL can produce 100 units as well as 200 units of output. Such a situation makes no sense as one factor combination can produce only one level of output. An isoquant slopes downward from left to right or is negatively sloped, as can be seen from Figure-8.1.

Before, we discuss about the characteristics of isoquants, we first understand the meaning of Isoquants. In the same manner, slop of iso-cost line will change when interest rate changes and it may become steeper or flatter. In the Figure 8.8 , the iso-cost line becomes flatter when interest rate increases and becomes steeper when the interest rate falls. One can observe from the table that 50 kilograms of tea can be produced by any combination ranging from A to E. The combination A uses more of capital and less of labour while combination E other way round.

characteristics of isoquant

The rate at which the firm can substitute labor for capital while holding output constant. Rate which 1 output must decrease as production of another output increased. –Slope becomes steeper as inputs moved out of production of Y 2 & into Y 1. Combines technical information from isoquants with economic information from iscocost curves. Curve indicating all possible combinations of 2 variable inputs that will produce same level/amount of output.

What Is an Isoquant in Economics?

The isoquant may assume various shapes depending upon the degree of substitutability of factors. Such behaviour of an isoquant is based on the principle of diminishing MRTS. No other shape of isoquant, whether concave or a straight line, will show such a feature.

Refer to the below article to gain a clearer understanding of isoquant curve analysis of production in economics. What are the different types of isoquants in production? Let’s look at some of the most popular isoquant types with the graphs. If the prices of the t factors change, the isocost line will also change .

We cover topics related to economics, management, finance, research, law, and other contemporary issues. Rate at which one input can be decreased as the use of other input increases . Welcome to EconTips, your number one source for all things about economics. We are dedicated to providing you with the very best in economics knowledge, with an emphasis on microeconomics and macroeconomics. The continuous isoquant can be regarded as a simplified version to the more realistic form of a kinked isoquant.

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  • An isoquant in economics is a curve that, when plotted on a graph, shows all the combinations of two factors that produce a given output.
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The IS-LM model represents the interaction of the real economy with financial markets to produce equilibrium interest rates and macroeconomic output. The marginal rate of technical substitution is the rate at which a factor must decrease and another must increase to retain the same level of productivity. Most typically, an isoquant shows combinations of capital and labor and the technological trade-off between the two. Long-run average cost is less at larger levels of production. Could produce the same output at a lower cost by using less capital and more labor. Line depicting all combinations of 2 outputs that will generate constant level of revenue.

Similar to Isoquants(

This type of isoquant are depicted by a straight line sloping downward from left to right, as shown in Figure-8.6 . For example, in the graph below, Factor K represents capital, and Factor L stands for labor. The curve shows that when a firm moves down from point to point and it uses one additional unit of labor, the firm can give up four units of capital and yet remain on the same isoquant at point . If the firm hires another unit of labor and moves from point to , the firm can reduce its use of capital by three units but remain on the same isoquant. The term “isoquant,” broken down in Latin, means “equal quantity,” with “iso” meaning equal and “quant” meaning quantity.

characteristics of isoquant

Isoquants, abbreviated as IQs, possess the same properties as those of the indifference curves. For the convenience of the students, we can state them as follows. The isoquant is downward sloping from left to right that is, it is negatively sloped. Here, higher the isoquant, higher will be the level of output as shown in figure. In the words of Cohen and Cyert, an iso-product curve is a curve along which the maximum achievable production is constant. An isoquant, therefore, depicts all the technological possibilities graphically and show a substitution between two factors while keeping the output same.

Isoquant: Concept, Characteristics and Type | Production Function | Economics

In other words, an isoquant closer to the point of origin will indicate a lower level of output. In the figure, isoquant Q1 represents a lower level of output as compared to isoquant Q2 and Q3. An isoquant has a negative slope in the economic region or in the relevant range. The negative slope of the isoquant implies substitutability between the inputs. It means if one of the inputs is reduced, the other input has to be increased such that the total output remains unaffected. Linear isoquant assumes that all factors of production are perfectly substitutable.

The exact slope of the isoquant curve on the graph shows the rate at which a given input, either labor or capital, can be substituted for the other while keeping the same output level. An isoquant curve is a concave-shaped line on a graph, used in the study of microeconomics, that charts all the factors, or inputs, that produce a specified level of output. This graph is used as a metric for the influence that the inputs—most commonly, capital and labor—have on the obtainable level of output or production.

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If you use abbreviations, state what the abbreviations mean. List and explain the characteristics of each type and sub – type of grants. Explain the basic functions and the characteristics of the financial market.

As such, an isoquant represents one specific level of output or for each level of output there will be an isoquant. Following text provides a few definitions of an isoquant. When plotted on a graph, an indifference curve shows a combination of two goods (one on the Y-axis, the other on the X-axis) that give a consumer equal satisfaction and equal utility, or use. This makes the consumer “indifferent”—not in the sense of being bored by them, but in the sense of not having a preference between them.

The line connecting these two points is the isocost line. Property 2 − An isoquant curve is convex to its origin due to the MRTS phenomenon, which demonstrates that variables of manufacturing may be replaced for one another in the manufacturing process. The isoquant curve aids corporations and enterprises in making modifications to inputs in order to optimize output and, therefore, profit.

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